Submersible sump pumps are the preferred option in most residential applications, but not all are the same. Submersible sump pumps come with various performance options. This can confuse many people when trying to choose the one that suits them best. Choosing the right amount of power saves money and annoyance in the long run.
Sump Pumps Buying Guide
Expert advice on the purchase of a sump pump and control of humidity in the house, basement and low rooms. Contains the selection of submersible pumps compared to the pedestal and tips for using battery powered sump pumps.
In an ideal world, our homes are designed to be dry and protected from the damaging effects of groundwater. But life is not always ideal. Floods caused by storms are becoming more of a norm than an exception. And even in areas where there are no floods, the houses are often so that their crawl spaces and basements are not protected from flooding.
When the soil is saturated, water flows through the surface at any point. When the groundwater pressure rises, he is forced to enter the weaker roads. If the water finds cracks and cracks in the foundations or basements of your home, it is easily filtered to fill the basement.
A good sump pump system is a necessity where flooding can occur. An electric sump pump automatically pumps the water that collects in the basement or in other low areas. Many types are manufactured, including models that are designed to be completely submerged or that have emergency power systems in the event of a power failure.
This article will help you to make informed decisions about sump pumps. In addition, you will find information that will help you to keep your home dry and comfortable throughout the year.
Properties of the sump pump
The sump pump switches are of various types, including floats, diaphragms and mercury switches. No matter which type you choose, be sure to choose an automatic type. Under the rules of Murphy’s Law, if you make a hand bomb, you probably will not be home to light it the next time your basement begins to flood. A circuit breaker can also protect the pump. Most pumps burn if they work “too long”. An automatic switch prevents this.
The strength of a unit is directly related to its price. The cheapest models are almost without exception the weakest. A sump pump is measured by horsepower varying between 1/6 and 1/2 HP.
But most importantly, the amount of gallons per minute (GPM) or gallons per hour (GPH) that move a pump. This capability is a factor of pump efficiency as well as “height” or “buoyancy”, ie the vertical distance between the bottom of the sump and the highest delivery point. A pump can report “2400 GPH”, but this can be measured with a 1-foot head. In a 5 foot head this number could drop to 2100 GPH and 10 feet to 1800 GPH. Also keep in mind that the pump is strong enough to let small solids such as leaves and branches pass through.
What is a sump pump, how are they installed, used, channeled, wired and repaired?
The sump pumps discussed on this page are intended to remove unwanted water, such as surface or ground water, entering a building.
Sump pumps only need to pump water, never solids. Sump pumps are commonly used to pump clear liquids such as groundwater from a wet sump in the basement or gray water from a basement laundry room.
Our photo of the sump pump (left) is not a great installation, but you can clearly see the pump motor (red arrow), the float switch of the pump (orange arrow) and the discharge tube pump (white arrow). The water inlet in the housing is located in the lower part of the pump (blue arrow).
The sump pumps are lightweight and unlike sewage pumps or sewage treatment plants, the sump pumps do not have the ability to pass solid waste
What is the difference between a sump pump, a septic pump, a wastewater pump or a wastewater pump?
If you are unsure between the DIPPING PUMPS used to remove groundwater and the sewage pumps used to move wastewater or septic wastewater, then
Inspection and Troubleshooting Drain Pumps
For detailed instructions on how to inspect and troubleshoot the sump pump, refer to the INSPECTION OF SUBMERSIBLE PUMP.
Sump pumps in newly built buildings are often connected to the foundation drainage of the building. We consider this a bad practice. It is a rare house of more than 20 years, of which the drains of the feet are intact.
If a spillway is clogged or damaged, the sump pump can not be connected to this system: it will simply flood another section of the building’s base, basement, or crawl space or overload the system. existing outflow. causes the buildup of a water intake.
Connecting a sump pump to a municipal sewer is a bad practice and illegal in some communities. It is added in wet weather in addition to the water pollution of the municipal sewage system and can thus be overloaded to discharge untreated wastewater from the municipal sewage treatment plant into the environment.
Wherever permitted, we prefer to run a sump pump to a drain or, if soil conditions permit, it can be drained into a dry well.